Career options for electronics and communication engineers in India
With the increasing interdependence of the hardware and software industries, Electronics and telecommunication are steadily evolving as a promising domain for budding engineers. This stream is not just useful for the job opportunities it comes with, but it is equally promising in terms of industry growth and potential scopes for research.
If you’re an aspiring ECE engineer, you’d be glad to know that you’ll have no dearth of opportunities after you complete your B.Tech /B.E. But with so many options to choose from, how do you know which one makes the cut? Well, this is exactly where our platform comes to play. Here, you’ll find a detailed insight on every little detail that you wanted to know about your career as an ECE engineer. So keep reading to find solid, veritable answers, to every question you have pertaining to this field.
1. Core Jobs for ECE Students
If you’re an ECE engineer it is very likely that you’d prefer working for a company that directly works in the core electronics field or at least assists other companies in achieving these core tasks. Although these companies are relatively rare, they’re not impossible to find. Wipro Lighting, Broadcom, Texas Instrument, Schnider Electric, Bajaj Electricals, Freescale Semiconductors, Alstom Corporate, Bharat Heavy Electricals, Havells, Crompton Greaves, Neolex Cables, HBM Power Systems, Exide Industries, Tata Electric and CESC are some of the firms that have excellent opportunities for core ECE jobs. Additionally, you’d also find decent opportunities in network communication companies like Siemens, BSNL, Sony Ericsson, Reliance and Nokia.
But while the job opportunities in these companies are excellent, their candidate intake is unbelievably low. In fact, you might even experience situations where you don’t find a single opening for core positions in these companies. At this point, you can either try for other options like research, government jobs, and startups or simply drop your CVs to smaller companies like Kuber Lightning, Lanco Industries, Mehta Engineering, Baliga Lighting and so on.
As a core ECE engineer, you’ll able to apply for the positions of Design engineer, ASIC Engineer trainee, Jr. Embedded Engineer or Network Support Engineer. If you manage to bag the jobs, you’ll get a chance to work in the field of circuit design, wireless communications, robotics, electronics, VLSI, Nano Technology, Embedded Systems, Digital Electronics, Optical Communications, Signal Processing, Control System, Analog Electronics, Networking and so on.
2. Non-Core Jobs for ECE Students
Like I already mentioned, getting placed in your very first core job as an ECE engineer can often get pretty difficult. And this is exactly why you need to try for non-core jobs. While most of these jobs are in the software industry that won’t require the technical expertise you’ve learnt throughout the last four years, you can always get these jobs if you have working knowledge of C/C+ languages and excellent communication skills.
Once you hone your software skills, you can apply to the private companies like Wipro, TCS, Accenture, Infosys, HCL and the likes of it. Here, you can apply for the position of Assistant Software Engineer, Junior Software Engineer, Programmer, .Net Engineer, Quality Assurance Manager, Developer, and Business Analyst. Although these jobs don’t fall in your core domain, they pay well and come with decent hikes. Additionally, if you manage to perform well in your jobs, there’s also a good chance of getting on-site offers.
N.B- Most of these private companies, do not come for your college placements. So if you’re really looking to try for these companies, find out about their off-campus placement schedules in their official websites.
3. Government Jobs
Right after you complete your BE/B.Tech in ECE, you’ll also have the option to apply for government jobs. Although most of the public service companies recruit on the basis of your GATE score, some of them also offer opportunities for fresh graduates. In this case, you’ll have to qualify for the written examination conducted by the Public Service Commission. Some of the common PSU jobs in your field would be for the position of technicians and engineers in companies like BSNL, MTNL, ISRO, DRO, BHEL, ONGC, SAIL, and so on.
Interestingly, you’ll find quite a number of high-paying government jobs both in the State and the Central Government. Here, you can apply for positions in the Defense, Radio, Airport, Railways, Telegraph, IES (Indian Engineering Services) and many other similar. On top of that, you can also get a job in the Central Government by qualifying the Staff Selection Commission and the Union Public Service Commissions. The notifications about their upcoming exams will be available on their websites. That being said, in case you’re still looking to find out more details about public service jobs pertaining to ECE, here’s a quick scoop.
Bank Jobs– Yes. Several banks hire ECE engineers for the position of technicians and junior engineers. The big conglomerates in the industry like IBPS, SBI hire engineers for different posts every year. You need to frequently check their websites to be updated and thorough about the details.
Army Jobs– If you vouch by the notion of patriotism and are looking to serve the country in the best way possible, you can also apply for Army jobs after completing your electronics and telecommunications engineering. Here, you’ll be able to apply for the positions in the Indian Army, the Indian Navy and also the Indian Airforce. All you have to do is check the official website of the Indian Army to be fully updated about the upcoming interview schedules and the selection procedures.
Teaching Jobs– If teaching is your passion, you can always try for teaching jobs after completing your B.Tech. In order to bag the position you’ll have to appear for GATE and if you manage to qualify your exams, you’ll be automatically eligible to apply in B.Tech Colleges. Although you’ll have to complete your M.Tech and pursue some research in order to retain your position, the job opportunities in this field are pretty good.
4. Open Your Own Startup
While opening a startup might seem like a risky business, you can always try this if you are confident about your subject and have a proper plan in hand. There are not many startups in the ECE industry, so your scopes for competition too will be relatively less. In case you’re wondering what your startup will do, I’ll give you a simple idea- your startup is going to operate as a small unit that handles the business aspects of a particular application with the help of different computing technologies. Your knowledge and insights about networking will help you in this domain.
In case you’re fishing for ideas, there’s almost anything that you can try. From VLSI to Robotics; Nano Technology to Optical Communication; Embedded Systems to Digital Electronics- your options are immense. All you have to do is choose the right technology, conceptualize a solid business plan and then go about working on it. Although this won’t be as easy as it sounds, if you manage to implement this the right way, the results will be truly amazing.
5. Higher Education
Like every other domain in engineering, in ECE too your scopes for higher education are decently good. Whether it’s M.Tech, MBA, P.HD or MS- you’ll definitely find one viable option that works in your favor. In case you’re baffled with the choices and can’t really figure out which one to choose, here is a detailed insight on each of these fields.
M.Tech– Like most you’d already know, you can pursue M.Tech for two years after you’ve qualified for GATE. If you’re applying to IITs, NITs or IISC, you might also have to appear for written and verbal examinations. In case you manage to qualify for them, you’ll be able to choose from the domains/sub-domains of automotive ECE, Sensor technology ECE, Nanotechnology, Network Engineering, VLSI design and even Micro-electronics.
P.hD– You will find quite a number of institutions that offer an integrated course for P.HD and M.Tech. Here too, you will have to qualify for GATE and the individual written/verbal examinations conducted by your chosen institutions. P.HD is ideal for candidates who are looking to research on a particular domain in the field of electronics and telecommunication. In certain cases, you can also forward the research area during your M.tech as a research area during your doctoral course. As a P.HD research scholar you’ll be provided with the grade pay for Associate professor or scientist.
M.S– While the scopes of M.S are limited in India, you can always apply to universities outside the country. In order to apply for M.S in a foreign university, you will have to qualify for GRE (tests your skills on the subject) and TOFEL/IELTS (tests your English speaking abilities). In case you’ve fared really well in your M.Tech/B.Tech examinations, you can also apply for M.S in IITs.
MBA– While MBA translates to direct deviation from your core course, considering the pay it comes with, the option seems to be pretty decent. You can appear for CAT, XAT or GMAT to bag an MBA from a reputed IIM. The duration of this course is two years, and once you complete this, you’ll get some amazing opportunities to work for multinational companies. Although the course doesn’t use your degree or the insights you honed for four years, considering the growth and salary prospects, MBA is definitely worth your time and money.
Getting your dream job after completing your B.Tech in ECE might initially seem difficult. But if you are persistent and steadfast in your goal, you’ll definitely get the kind of job you’re looking for. That being said, whether you’re applying for government jobs or the private ones, it is really important to check the website of your potential employers. Do this frequently for getting additional insights about open positions related to your field.